Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Mechanisms of Injury and Strategies for Injury Prevention

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Judith R Peterson, Brian J Krabak


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a common sports injury which can have severe negative consequences. Neuromuscular factors that increase risk, such as knee landing kinematics, may be ameliorated through training. Effective ACL injury prevention programs exist, although the ideal program is yet to be determined. It is recommended that athletes engaged in high-risk sports participate in an ACL injury prevention program to reduce the risk of sustaining this injury.


Anterior cruciate ligament; Injury prevention; Knee; Knee injury reduction; Lower extremity injury; Sports injury.


Peterson JR, Krabak BJ. Anterior cruciate ligament injury: mechanisms of injury and strategies for injury prevention. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2014;25(4):813-828. doi:10.1016/j.pmr.2014.06.010


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